Germany is a top-rated destination for postdoctoral studies. Because the PhD in Germany is free for all students (national and international), almost all public sector universities are offering PhD to international students. These universities are offering two types of Ph.D. programs.
- Individual doctorate
- Structured PhD programs
1. Individual doctorate
An individual doctorate is a traditional kind of PhD in which students work individually under only one professor’s supervision. The duration of this PhD varies from 3 to 5 years. It depends on the student’s ability and the topic on which he is doing the research. Students can do research work for this Ph.D. in German or English language. This type of Ph.D. is also prevalent among students.
2. Structured PhD program
The structured PhD program focuses on a group of students and a group of supervisors. In this type of PhD program, a group of students works under the supervision of another group of professors. It’s the same kind of PhD program offered in different English countries. This type of PhD has a more international orientation, and mostly this PhD is offered only in the English language because of teamwork.
What is the cost of a PhD in Germany?
German universities are offering tuition-free PhD programs. These free PhD programs are offered to all students regardless of nationality. In some universities, PhD students have to pay the semester contribution fee which is around 180 to 200 euros. Usually, universities take this fee to give a semester ticket that includes free transportation for the whole semester duration.
How to get a PhD in Germany?
First, decide which kind of PhD you want to pursue: individual doctorate or structured PhD It usually depends on your qualifications, research area, and personal circumstances. After this decision, follow these steps:
- Identify a topic of interest.
- Develop a proposal with a clear rationale, research objectives, questions/hypotheses, research methodology, knowledge gap, and your contribution and timeline.
- Search German universities related to your study discipline and make a list. Check this article to know how to find German universities for admission.
- Look at the websites of these universities and search relevant departments and responsible professors. Check the personal details of all the professors of these departments. If their qualification and the current subjects that they are teaching match your research area. Then try to get their email.
- Now, email these professors with a request for a PhD In the email, introduce yourself, summarize your research topic, and request if they are willing to supervise you.
- Share a research proposal with the professor once he/she has shown initial interest in replying to your email. Remember, a PhD research proposal will demonstrate your academic skills; therefore, it should be of high quality. The research proposal is the most crucial factor that determines your suitability to pursue a PhD program.
- Once the professor agrees to supervise you, the rest of the application process is handled by the administration (they will explain their requirements and procedure).
- Many universities/departments do not have fixed application deadlines for PhD students. So you can apply at any time.
- PhD application is not evaluated just on a CGPA basis. However, your entire profile, particularly the research proposal and CV, will be assessed. So, give importance to each and everything.
Developing your PhD Research Proposal:
The following guides will provide you with an introduction to writing a good PhD proposal. Links are also mentioned for your help.
- Develop A Research Proposal. [Link]
- How to write a research proposal for a strong PhD application? – The University of Sydney. [Link]
- Writing a Good PhD Research Proposal, Find a PhD [Link]
Resources where you can find a PhD program:
- International Programmes in Germany [Link]
- Higher Education Compass [Link]
- Research in Germany [Link]
PhD in Germany with Scholarship:
There are many ways to acquire funding or scholarships for a PhD in Germany.
Get funding from the chosen University or Professor.
Get funding from the University/department where you applied for a PhD Discuss with your supervisor and faculty staff of the university/department. They can also arrange funding and scholarships for PhD students. Most German professors also have funding for research projects, so don’t hesitate to ask them.
DAAD (Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst) is the largest German Academic Exchange Service that provides scholarships and financing to international students. It offers a wide range of scholarships and financing options for German universities’ doctoral and postdoctoral courses.
So find a PhD scholarship on the DAAD official scholarship portal or personally visit their office that is present in your country and ask about PhD funding.
DFG (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft) is a self-governing research foundation in Germany. DFG gets funding from the federal government and other German states. This foundation provides scholarships to foreign students the same as DAAD.
Erasmus is the biggest European student exchange scheme. It offers scholarships to both EU and non-EU students. Erasmus scholarships provide fundings that fully cover all living and educational expenses. The Erasmus scholarship program is also very famous among students.
Max Planck institute
Max Planck Institute is a private German research institute. It also provides funding and research opportunities to master students who want to pursue a PhD in Germany.
The Heinrich Böll Foundation
The Heinrich Böll Foundation is a German legally independent political foundation affiliated with the German Green Party. This foundation also offers scholarships to international students for undergraduate, graduate, and PhD programs.
DKFZ PhD Scholarships
The DKFZ is Germany’s largest biomedical research institute. This institute offers PhD scholarships to international students. This scholarship program is suitable for medical students.
Please keep in mind that acceptance into a PhD program is a bit complex and requires you to research well from the beginning! Each university/department or Ph.D. program may have different requirements, but the above tips are generally useful. Finally, nobody else can identify a topic or supervisor for you! So, make an effort by yourself.
Student Visa Process for PhD in Germany:
Once you successfully get a PhD with an offer letter from your professor or university and funding or scholarship. Immediately book an appointment in the German embassy and prepare all required documents for the visa process.
If you get a PhD and funding/scholarship from Daad, they will help you get a visa. In some countries, PhD students do not require an appointment to get a visa. So, check these details on the official website of the German embassy related to your country. Check this [Link] to learn about the German embassy’s visa process and requirements related to different countries.
FAQs about PhD in Germany:
You can get a PhD with a scholarship for Germany from the following institutes:
1) DAAD (Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst)
2) DFG (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft)
4) Max Planck Institute
5) The Heinrich Böll Foundation
6) DKFZ (Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum)
The duration of a PhD is not usually fixed and takes between 3 to 5 years, depending on the research field.
Yes, getting a PhD in Germany is the right decision because of the following reasons:
1) PhD is free in Germany.
2) If you have funding, then you will get a fair amount during the PhD. Germany is one of the markets where PhD’s are most respected.
3) After completion of your PhD, you can get access to the EU market.