The latest 5G technology serves as the fifth generation in the development of mobile networks. 5G is the successor of 4G technology and a new international wireless standard. This technology is remarkably faster than 4G and has the ability to deliver 20GB of data per second. 5G technology also has the ability to connect machines, devices, and different objects more efficiently because it’s 500% faster than 4G technology. This technology has the ability to change the world.
5G technology arrives with different unique features that make it stand out from previous-generation technologies. Here are some of the key features of 5G technology:
- High-speed data transfer: 5G networks can support more than 20 gigabits per second (Gbps), which is remarkably faster than the highest speeds offered by existing 4G LTE networks. You can download a movie or a game in just seconds by using 5G technology.
- Low latency: 5G networks have very low latency, which means that there is minimal delay between sending and receiving data. This is particularly essential for applications like gaming, virtual reality, and autonomous vehicles. Due to low latency, gamers can play games with more speed and people can experience virtual reality-based simulated situations in a much better way. Autonomous vehicles can also drive more efficiently because of real-time data exchange through 5G technology.
- Increased capacity: 5G networks can support more devices as compared to the previous generations of mobile networks. That makes it possible to connect more devices to the internet of things (IoT) at a time. It will open new doors for smart manufacturing or smart cities, etc.
- Network slicing: 5G networks allow for efficient network slicing. Network slicing means that different elements of a network can be used for different types of services at the same time. For example, low-latency communication for autonomous vehicles and high-bandwidth connections for streaming videos can be used at the same time on different parts of the network.
- Massive MIMO: 5G networks use a unique technology called massive multiple-input and multiple-output (MIMO). It is used to increase the capacity and speed of wireless connections. Companies use a big number of antennas to achieve this MIMO.
- Energy efficiency: 5G networks are designed to be more energy-efficient than previous generations of mobile networks. It means that 5G networks consume less power and produce fewer greenhouse gas emissions which can be beneficial for underdeveloped countries like Pakistan.
- Security: 5G networks are built by keeping all security aspects in mind such as advanced encryption and authentication technologies. So, it protects user data and prevents cyberattacks in a more efficient way.
What are the previous generation technologies of 5G?
The previous generations of wireless technology that led up to 5G include 1G, 2G, 3G, and 4G LTE. 1G, launched in the 1980s, was the first commercially available wireless technology that allowed users to make analog voice calls on a wireless network. 2G, which emerged in the 1990s, brought digital voice calls and text messaging capabilities. 3G, introduced in the 2000s, enabled mobile internet access, video calls, and mobile broadband. 4G LTE, launched in the 2010s, provided faster internet speeds, improved network capacity, and lower latency for high-bandwidth applications such as video streaming and online gaming. Finally, 5G, the latest generation of wireless technology, promises to deliver even faster data speeds, increased network capacity, lower latency, and support for the Internet of Things (IoT), virtual and augmented reality (VR/AR), and other advanced applications.
Why 5G technology is better than 4G technology?
5G technology is a significant advancement over 4G technology in several key ways. Its faster download and upload speeds, which can be up to 500% faster than 4G, make it possible to download and stream content more quickly and experience less lag while using high-speed internet services. Additionally, 5G can support a much larger number of devices simultaneously, which enables the creation of more advanced and interconnected systems, as more objects, machines, devices, and sensors can be connected to the internet. Moreover, 5G is more energy-efficient than 4G, which means that it can use less power to transmit data and result in longer battery life for devices. These benefits are expected to revolutionize many industries and aspects of daily life in Pakistan as 5G becomes more widely adopted.
Which generation of mobile network technology is currently being used by Pakistan?
As of February 2023, 4G LTE is the latest generation of mobile network technology being used in Pakistan. Almost all landline and mobile network providers in the country offer 4G LTE services, which provide faster data speeds and more reliable connections compared to previous generations of mobile networks. 4G LTE has played a significant role in bridging the digital divide in Pakistan, as it has improved access to online services, such as education, healthcare, and e-commerce, and has enabled the growth of various industries. While 4G LTE remains the dominant mobile network technology in Pakistan, the country is currently preparing for the rollout of 5G technology, which is expected to bring even faster speeds, lower latency, and greater network capacity.
A brief overview of the current state of 5G adoption in Pakistan:
Pakistan is planning to launch 5G technology by the end of the year 2023. Their plan is to introduce 5G technology in five major cities in Pakistan. To make this possible, the government is rapidly expanding the fiber cable network across the country that will able to handle 5G technology. Several international companies, including Nokia Corporation, Ericsson, and Huawei Technologies, have expressed interest in helping Pakistan develop its 5G infrastructure.
Recently, PTCL conducted 5G trials in Pakistan to introduce this latest technology to the country. The trials were successful, achieving download speeds of up to 1.7 GB per second.
If Pakistan successfully launches 5G technology, it has the potential to revolutionize several sectors, including banking, commerce, education, transportation, logistics, agriculture, and health. Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) is also in the advanced stages of developing regulations for 5G technology in the country. With this progress, Pakistan is among the 58 countries that are advancing toward the implementation of 5G technology.
Impact of 5G technology on various industries in Pakistan:
5G technology has the potential to bring significant benefits to various industries in Pakistan, including manufacturing, logistics, healthcare, energy distribution, public transport, media and entertainment, public safety, agriculture and farming, digital payments, and flood protection. Here are some additional details about all the sectors:
Manufacturing and logistics industry:
The use of 5G technology in the manufacturing and logistics industry can improve supply chain management and reduce production downtime. By connecting more devices and vehicles to the network, 5G technology can enhance the implementation of automation, remote robotics, and autonomous vehicles, resulting in faster and more efficient manufacturing processes. Additionally, real-time monitoring and predictive analytics made possible by 5G technology can help companies optimize inventory management, reduce wastage, and improve product quality.
Apart from telemedicine services, 5G technology can help in remote surgeries and monitoring of patients in real-time in remote areas of Pakistan. It can also facilitate medical staff to access patient information quickly and efficiently, leading to better patient outcomes.
Energy distribution sector:
In addition to efficient energy distribution, 5G technology can also help NEPRA in the integration of renewable energy sources. By providing real-time data on power generation, distribution, and consumption, 5G technology can enable energy companies to better manage energy demand and supply, reduce energy losses, and improve overall energy efficiency.
Public transport sector:
Pakistan railway can improve its railway network with 5G technology. It helps them start more high-speed trains and also helps to reduce accidents at railway crossings with the use of real-time data. 5G technology can also help in the improvement of other public transport systems, including buses and taxis. Real-time data and analytics can enable companies to optimize routes, improve safety, and reduce travel time for passengers.
Media and entertainment industry:
Apart from high-speed streaming services, 5G technology can also help in the production of high-quality virtual and augmented reality content. This can lead to new business opportunities in the gaming, education, and tourism industries in Pakistan.
In addition to surveillance, 5G technology can help in the deployment of advanced emergency response systems. By providing real-time information to first responders, 5G technology can help save lives during accidents, natural disasters, and other emergency situations.
Agriculture and farming sector:
Apart from crop and livestock monitoring, 5G technology can also help in the use of precision farming techniques. By enabling more precise and targeted use of fertilizers, pesticides, and other inputs, 5G technology can reduce costs and improve yields. It can also help Pakistani farmers adapt to the effects of climate change by providing real-time weather data and other environmental information.
5G technology is set to revolutionize digital payments in Pakistan, providing faster, more secure, and more accessible payment options. With its lightning-fast data speeds and low latency, 5G will facilitate instantaneous transactions, making digital payments more efficient and reducing waiting times for consumers. This will likely result in increased adoption of digital payment options in Pakistan. Furthermore, the widespread adoption of 5G can boost the digital economy by enabling seamless payment integration into various sectors, streamlining business operations, reducing transaction costs, and improving customer experiences. By embracing 5G and developing innovative payment solutions, Pakistan can benefit from a more efficient and sustainable digital economy.
In addition to early evacuation, 5G technology can also help in the prediction and prevention of floods. By using sensors and other data sources, 5G technology can provide real-time information on water levels, rainfall, and other environmental factors, enabling NDMA to take proactive measures to prevent or mitigate the effects of floods.
Energy saving and reduction in CO2 emissions:
5G technology can help Pakistan reduce its energy consumption and CO2 emissions. By improving the efficiency of communication networks, 5G can optimize energy use and reduce wastage. Additionally, 5G’s higher data transmission rates can facilitate the adoption of remote work and digital services, reducing the need for physical travel and contributing to lower carbon emissions. This technology has the potential to mitigate the impacts of global warming and create a brighter, more sustainable future for Pakistan.
Challenges and concerns related to 5G technology in Pakistan:
The deployment of 5G technology in Pakistan presents several challenges and concerns that need to be addressed. One of the primary challenges is the high cost of infrastructure, estimated to be around 3 billion to 8 billion USD for basic infrastructure and an additional 2-3 billion dollars for nationwide network expansion. With high inflation rates, launching 5G technology may be delayed, posing a challenge for the government to meet its target of launching 5G by the end of 2023.
Another challenge is the availability of affordable 5G mobile devices in Pakistan. The benefits of 5G technology can only be fully realized if people can access and afford 5G devices. The government is attempting to address this challenge by promoting local manufacturing of mobile devices. However, the success of these efforts is yet to be seen, and it may take time to establish a viable local manufacturing industry.
Furthermore, there are concerns about the potential health effects of exposure to 5G radiation, which requires close monitoring and research to ensure the safety of citizens. Additionally, cybersecurity risks associated with the increased use of wireless technology also need to be addressed to ensure the protection of sensitive information.
In conclusion, while the deployment of 5G technology in Pakistan presents challenges and concerns, the government is working to address these issues to provide citizens with the benefits of this advanced technology. By ensuring the affordability and accessibility of 5G devices, monitoring potential health effects, and mitigating cybersecurity risks, Pakistan can successfully embrace 5G and pave the way for a brighter technological future.
Impact of 5G technology on Pakistani society:
The introduction of 5G technology in Pakistan will have a significant impact on the country’s economy and society which has more than 63% young population. Here are some potential impacts of 5G technology on Pakistani society:
With its faster data speeds, lower latency, and increased network capacity, 5G technology can help to bridge the digital divide in Pakistan. I will enhance the connectivity for individuals and businesses, and improve the access to services such as education, healthcare, and entertainment.
The rollout of 5G technology in Pakistan can drive economic growth and job creation. It will also create new opportunities for innovation and business development in various sectors, including manufacturing, agriculture, and IT services.
5G technology can improve mobility in Pakistan, making it easier for people to access information and services on the go, as well as enabling new modes of transportation such as fast trains and self-driving cars, which can improve road safety and reduce traffic congestion.
The improved energy efficiency of 5G networks can reduce the carbon footprint of telecommunications infrastructure in Pakistan, leading to a more sustainable and environmentally-friendly society.
Which cities currently have 5G in Pakistan?
Currently, there are no Pakistani cities that have 5G services available. However, it is anticipated that 5G technology will be launched in Pakistan by the end of 2023. In the first phase of the rollout, 5G services are expected to be available in the five major cities of Karachi, Lahore, Rawalpindi/Islamabad, Peshawar, and Quetta. Once 5G technology is launched, it is likely to bring significant advancements in the speed and efficiency of internet services in Pakistan and is expected to revolutionize many industries and aspects of daily life.
When exactly Pakistan is going to launch 5G technology?
Federal Minister of IT Mr. Aminul Haque said that Pakistan is anticipated to launch 5G technology by the end of July 2023. But we are expecting that it can be late till the end of the year 2023 due to the current economic situation.